Monkeypox Virus – Everything You Need To Know Including Symptoms, Causes, Prevention

After the recent Covid-19 scare, the fear of Monkeypox, a rare viral disease, has gripped people around the world. With more than 16,000 people already affected in 74 countries around the world, Monkeypox has caused such a stir that the WHO has declared a global emergency and the highest Monkeypox alarm. India has reported 4 cases of Monkeypox, the last one was found on 24 July 2022.

Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when a pox-like disease was found in a group of monkeys kept for research, hence the name Monkeypox. Since 1970, Monkeypox has been reported in 11 African countries.

International and imported travel documents have been responsible for the spread of the Monkeypox virus outside of Africa since then.

What is Monkeypox? How Is It Spread?

Monkeypox is a disease caused by the monkeypox virus, which is a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus that includes the Variola virus that causes smallpox. Monkeypox is a zoonosis or disease that is transmitted from an infected animal to humans.

The virus is easily spread to people if they have close contact with an infected person including people, animals etc. Substances such as body fluids and secretions are considered the main means of transmission of the virus from person to person. . They can also be transmitted through respiratory secretions and contaminated material. Monkeypox symptoms usually last from 2 to 4 weeks and the death rate is about 3-6% as we have seen recently.

According to the World Health Organization, the cases occurred near a rainforest that is home to animals that carry the virus. The disease is often carried by other species of monkeys, squirrels, dormice, Gambian rats, etc. in the forests of Africa. The virus has been a cause of concern recently as it spreads among people around the world.

Symptoms of Monkeypox Virus

Monkeys have symptoms very similar to smallpox. Congo has been identified as the most affected country to date with the largest population of Monkeypox. The incubation period for the virus is usually 7-14 days, but can be as long as 5 to 21 days. The virus begins to show symptoms during this time. Monkepox symptoms are milder than smallpox. Below are the symptoms of Monkeypox Virus:

  • Malung
  • Corruption
  • Head
  • Muscle pain
  • Back pain
  • Fatigue and low energy
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes
  • Smallpox lesions
  • Other medical problems

These symptoms are followed by rashes on the face and other parts of the body. The virus lives for two to four weeks. Complications of this disease include pneumonia, eye problems, skin diseases, confusion, etc.

Types of Monkeypox Virus

Two types of monkeypox virus have been found so far, namely the Congo and West African types. Although the first is the most deadly with a death rate of 10%, the death rate in West Africa is only 1%.

How Can Monkeypox Be Infected?

When people are bitten by an animal infected with Monkeypox or come into close contact with the body fluids or fur of an infected animal, they can come into contact with Monkeypox. Eating undercooked meat and meat that is contaminated with disease can also cause disease to spread among people.

The causes of Monkeypox virus are spread between people through clothing, blankets, towels etc. Cough droplets and sneezes from an infected person can also spread the disease to humans. Besides, the virus can also be transmitted sexually.

According to the guidelines issued by the Central Government, the Monkeypox virus can also spread through strong respiratory tracts, however that would require prolonged contact.

Is Monkeypox a Deadly Disease?

In many parts of the world, where there are better medical facilities, most patients with Monkeypox symptoms will recover within 2-4 weeks. However, reports show that in parts of central Africa where there are not enough hospitals, one out of every 10 people who have the disease have died because of the virus.

Treatment for Monkeypox Virus

There is no specific cure for the Monkeypox virus at this time. The best way to deal with this disease is to stay isolated and get good medical treatment to prevent it from spreading and to recover quickly. Also, the smallpox vaccine has been effective and is used in the US to treat monkeypox patients.

Ways to Prevent Monkeypox

The CDC or Center for Disease Control and Prevention advises people to stay away from animals infected with monkeypox. The more you come into contact with infected things, the more dangerous it can be. The best course of action is to self-isolate if you are infected.

As with Covid-19, it is also important to wash your hands properly with soap to prevent the spread of the disease. It is also recommended to wear PPE for healthcare workers treating patients with Monkeypox.

Has The Global Spread Of Monkeypox Been So Bad So Far?

A ‘Public Health Emergency of International concern’ has been declared by the WHO on 23 July 2022 about Monkeypox. The virus has already affected more than 17,000 people in 75 countries around the world.

In addition, an average of more than 500 cases are reported every day of Monkeypox worldwide, causing panic.

Below is the worldwide information on cases of Monkeypox:

The world Cases
Spain 3,125 cases
United States 2,316 cases
Germany 2,191 cases
United Kingdom 2,142 cases
France 1,448 cases
Netherlands 712 Cases
Brazil 607 Cases
Canada 604 Cases
Portugal 515 Cases
Italy 374 Cases
India 4 Cases

The end

People who have received the smallpox vaccine in the past are said to be safe from the Monkeypox virus because the vaccine allows for long-lasting protection against Monkeypox. Therefore, Americans are already using this vaccine to protect people from the Monkeypox virus.

Therefore, it is better to be safe and protected. If you are experiencing any symptoms of the disease, self-examine and self-isolate. People who have problems health insurance they can seek medical facilities to cure the disease without worrying about debt. Therefore, they are advised to buy all inclusive health insurance policy to protect you and your family from plagues and epidemics.

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